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Submitted by quentincollier on Fri, 02/08/2013 - 5:43pm

DCNS team celebrates amazing ESCAPE trial success

The Calgary Stroke Program’s ESCAPE trial results were published in the New England Journal of Medicine Feb. 11, 2015, at the same time as the team presented their findings to the International Stroke Conference in Nashville, TN.

The randomized clinical trial, which compared traditional ischemic stroke treatment to an innovative endovascular therapy, was lead by principal investigators Drs. Michael Hill, Mayank Goyal and Andrew Demchuk.

By implementing the new endovascular therapy, which involved rapid brain imaging, an innovative treatment workflow and novel technology to open up the artery, researchers found the number of patients able to return to independent living jumped to 55 per cent from 30 per cent in the control group.

“What this trial has shown is that, using the procedure to open up the vessel — to go into the blood vessel and pull the clot out—is dramatically beneficial,” said Dr. Goyal.

“One of the things that we say is ‘Time is Brain’. So in a person who is suffering from blockage of the blood vessel, brain cells are dying. And the only way to stop the brain cells from dying is to open the vessel,” he said.

Mortality rates in the ESCAPE trial also dropped from 20 per cent to 10 per cent with the therapy and results were equally beneficial among men and women.

“We found that even patients over the age of 80—the oldest person treated within the trial was 93—showed benefit,” said Dr. Goyal.

“Many more patients came back to normal—to independent living; to living with their families.”

An ischemic stroke occurs when one of the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain is blocked by a clot. Traditionally, clot-busting drugs are used to treat patients.

The Calgary-based ESCAPE trial, which included sites across Canada, the U.S., South Korea and Europe, used a stent to retrieve the clot and developed entirely new processes to allow for rapid patient imaging and preparation for the procedure.

“Stroke care is going to have to change a lot because the whole process of treating patients with this therapy requires tremendous organization,” said Dr. Hill.

“It requires careful attention to imaging of the brain, and substantial teamwork and parallel processing of workflow.”

Calgary patients selected for the trial were treated at Foothills Hospital and first underwent imaging to determine where the clot was in the brain. Patients were then quickly prepared for the clot-removal procedure, said Dr. Goyal.

“You go in from the groin and put a tiny tube in which, under X-ray guidance, you can move right through the body into the vessels of the neck and through this tube you put an even tinier tube—around one mm in size,” he said.

“Under X-ray guidance we take it right to the level of the clot, deploy a retrievable stent, capture the clot and pull it out of the body.”

The results were so successful that the trial was stopped for efficacy.

“When you pull it out, there's restoration of blood flow to the brain and, so to speak, the brain becomes ‘happy’ again.”

The stroke team at Foothills Hospital—part of the Department of Clinical Neurosciences (DCNS)—is a world-leader in stroke care and spent about nine months designing the trial, said Dr. Demchuk.

“Calgary is unique because we have a very large number of stroke academicians and it crosses multiple disciplines and training experiences,” he said.

“For example, it has physiatry, neurology, neurosurgery as well as neuroradiology. We have imaging expertise and methodology expertise and trial expertise so it comes together to make something like this happen,” he said.

“Around the world, this is extremely rare – to have all these components. Without DCNS, this group wouldn't have come together.”

With the release of the results in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Goyal said the next step is to share the results and help other stroke programs implement the new therapy.

“We need to change guidelines, we need to create the infrastructure and we need to make sure we're able to implement in a fashion that we are able to replicate the results of this trial all across the world,” he said.

“But, to my mind, clearly now there is sufficient evidence to say that this is how it should be done.”

Read the New England Journal of Medicine article

Visit the ESCAPE web site here

Media coverage:

Reuters: After stroke, clot removal saves brain function - studies

CTV News: Canadian research confirms safety of new stroke treatment

CTV Calgary: New therapy improves end results for stroke patients

Global News: Canadian research could pave the way to new stroke treatment

The Globe and Mail: New procedure a ‘major breakthrough’ in stroke treatment: Canadian study

RTE (Ireland): New breakthrough in stroke treatment

The Guardian (UK): Stroke treatment improves patients' chances of avoiding brain damage

Forbes: Clot Extractors Shown Beneficial In Stroke Patients

Pittsburgh Tribute: New stroke treatment could reduce number of deaths

ABC News: Brain Stents Show Big Promise for Certain Stroke Patients

Philly.com: Brain stents show major promise for some stroke patients

ABC (Aus.): Stroke treatment pioneered by Royal Melbourne Hospital researchers changing the way doctors approach condition

Bloomberg: Stroke Procedure to Pluck Clots From Brain Betters Recovery Odds

DCNS annual report highlights "Innovation Through Collaboration"


The Department of Clinical Neurosciences is pleased to release its annual report, which includes stories about our research, our clinical work, and the partnerships that allow us to succeed.

It is available in PDF form by clicking here.

The report summarizes the work of our four divisions over the past year: Neurology; Neurosurgery; Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation; and Translational Neuroscience.

It contains a summary of all our programs and clinics, lists our grant and publication successes, and tells the story of some of our patients — individuals who inspire us daily. 

If you would like a hardcopy, please contact the DCNS administration office or click here to send an email request.

Neuroscience in the News

Health researchers digging into own pockets to bridge gap in funding

Treating the brain and the immune system in tandem

'Brain changes' seen in young American footballers

Brain health in Alberta gets $10 million boost

Should soccer players wear helmets?

Paralysed man walks again: pioneering treatment could help stroke victims

New Algorithms Search for Signs of Consciousness in Brain Injury Patients

Research leads to brain cancer clinical trial

Nobel Prize for medicine awarded for brain’s ‘inner GPS’ discoveries

New wave of brain research aims to understanding every function

Saving Cyla: Globe & Mail special report

Ambrose, provinces, to come together to develop national dementia strategy

How concussions can alter teens' behaviour

Protecting the brain, one sticker at a time

‘Robot suit’ allows paraplegic father to walk again

Using big data to fight dementia and Alzheimer’s

New tool for diagnosing and treating Parkinson's tremors

A new treatment option for late stage Parkinson's patients

Scientist discovers a new way to enhance nerve growth

New advisory committee on analytics and visualization

Imaging technique to improve outcomes for stroke patients

Stem cell clinical trial provides hope for those with spinal cord injuries

Dr. Eric Smith is building research programs with colleagues in multiple disciplines

Researcher working on quantitative techniques to increase the diagnostic and therapeutic power of MRI imaging in multiple sclerosis

Bruce Pike, PhD, recruited from Montreal by the University of Calgary’s Hotchkiss Brain Institute.

Calgary researchers are using the Nintendo Wiii to rehabilitate stroke patients

Team participates in international discussion on concussion injuries

Archives

 

Dr. Bijoy Menon named one of Avenue's Top 40 Under 40

The Department of Clinical Neurosciences would like to congratulate Dr. Bijoy Menon on his recent Top 40 Under 40 award.

Dr. Menon's research and teaching in the area of stroke was recognized by Avenue Magazine along with three others from the Cumming School of Medicine.

The neurologist studies stroke imaging and vascular and degenerative dementia.

Click here for the full story.

Recruitment

The Department of Clinical Neurosciences is currently recruiting for the following positions:

Clinical Researcher and Basic Clinician-Scientist in Epilepsy

Academic Pediatric Neurosurgeon

Our 2013-14 Annual Report



The Department would like to thank the many friends of Clinical Neurosciences whose gifts have supported neurological care and research.

Click here to see how you can help